Pandian haliatus (sea eagle)
4 recognized; P.h. carolinensis is the only US subspecies.
Worldwide; in NA, from Alaska across Canada to Labrador and south to Florida and Arizona.
Near or on shallow waters—fresh, brackish, or marine. Nests along lakeshores, seashores, marshes, and rivers. Highest densities near salt water.
Almost exclusively live fish, 150-300 grams in weight. Makes dramatic dives from 10-40 meters, but seldom goes much below surface of water. Secures fish in talons before flying off.
Nest is a large collection of sticks and flotsam, usually wedged high in an
exposed tree; also nests on cliffs, power poles, buoys, specially designed platforms, and on the ground of predator free islands. Clutch 1-4 eggs.
Northern birds winter south to Peru and Brazil. Fall migration occurs in September with spring migration taking place in mid April.
Frequent to abundant. Recovering strongly after numbers were reduced by the improper use of pesticides.